Japanese Terms

General Japanese Terms

Gi karate uniform
Sensei teacher
Karate empty hand
Dojo training gym
Kata training forms
Jixu-Kumite free sparring
Kiyo Tsuke attention
Lei bow
Hajime start
Yasume rest
Yame stop
Ma te turn
Mokuso meditation
Hansei review
Shugo assemble
Shomen front
Jodan upper
Chudan middle
Gedan lower

 

COUNTING IN JAPANESE

1 ichi (itch) 6 roku (rho)
2 ni (nee) 7 shichi (chi-ch)
3 san 8 hachi (at-ch)
4 shi (shay) 9 ku (gue)
5 go 10 ju (joo)

 

JAPANESE TERMS FOR TECHNIQUES AND COMBINATIONS

STANCES DACHI ( “Datch” )
Heksoku dachi (he-soo-ko) feet together
Musbi dachi (moos-bee) toes at 45¡, heels together
Heiko dachi (hi-ko) feet parallel at shoulder width
Soto dachi feet at 45¡, shoulder width
Uchi dachi (u-chee) feet point in slightly wider than shoulder width
Shiko dachi (see-ko) lower stance with legs wide, knees back
Sanchin dachi three point stance, weight lower on feet
Zenkutsu dachi (sin goo) forward lunge stance, weight 60:40 front and back
Moto dachi short lunge stance
Neko Ashi dachi cat stance
Kiyotsuke dachi attention
Shizentai dachi natural stance
Kiba dachi straddle stance
Kokutsu dachi back stance
Kagi dachi hooked stance
Hangetsu dachi wide hour glass stance
Hachiji dachi open leg stance

 

HAND TECHNIQUES

BLOCKS – UKE ( “U-Gai”)
Jodan (ake) uke rising front block
Soto uke forearm block out
Chudan uke forearm block in
Gedan barai downward forearm block out
Shuto uke knife hand strike
Juji uke cross-block
Tsuki uke punching block
Teisho uke palm heel block
Kake uke circular block with open hand
Hari otoshi uke down ward block in upright standing position
Chu-ge uke double block, middle and lower sections
Mawashi uke round house upper and lower push block using both arms
Sanbon uke triple block, face, chest and lower section
Renjoku uke triple block, rising front, fore arm block out, down ward block

 

STRIKES – TSUKI ( “SS-Ki”)
Jodan tsuki upper thrusting strike
Chudan tsuki middle thrusting strike
Gedan tsuki lower thrusting strike
Nihon tsuki double strike
Sanbon tsuki triple strike
Shita tsuki inverted short thrusting punch
Renjoku tsuki Chushin (hiki)
Uriken uchi back-fist strike
Tettsui uchi bottom fist strike
Shuto uchi knife hand strike
Teisho uchi palm heel strike
Empi uchi elbow strike
Shomen ura uchi back fist snap strike to the front
Yoko ura uchi back fist snap strike to the side
Ushiro ura uchi back fist snap strike to the rear
Ushiro uchi back fist strike to the rear
Shita tsuki uchi knife hand finger tip front thrust
Shuto uchi chopping strike with blade of hand
Urashuto uchi back hand chopping strike with blade of hand
Furi uchi forward side swing strike using back of fist
Haito uchi forward side swing strike using front edge of open hand

 

PUNCHES – ZUKI ( “Zoo-Ki” )
Seiken zuki basic punch
Gyaku zuki reverse punch
Gi zuki lunge punch
Mawashi zuki round house punch
Maroto zuki double fist punch
Nukite zuki spear hand thrust

 

SMASHES – ATE ( “Adet” )
Age hiji ate upper vertical elbow smash
Ushiro hiji uchi rear elbow smash

 

KICKS – GERI
Mae geri keage front snap kick
Mae geri ke komi front thrust kick
Yoko geri keage side snap kick
Yoko geri ke komi side thrust kick
Ushiro geri back kick
Mawashi geri round-house kick
Mikazuki geri crescent kick
Mae tobi geri flying front kick
Yoko tobi geri flying side kick
Hittsui geri knee kick
Sokuto geri side kick with blade of foot
Hiza geri knee rising kick
Kin geri groin kick with instep of foot
FOOT BLOCKS
Nami ashi inside foot block
Mikazuki geri uke crescent kick block